Headstones are used to mark the place where a deceased person is at rest. The memorial gravestones are of different types and designs which can be just flat markings lying at the lawn level or upright monuments which go up to heaven. The materials used to make gravestones may either follow the standard national way of doing it or rather a given cemetery may prescribe independently the certain materials and size more so for conserved areas. Headstones are mostly made of marble, granite among other stone types. For these, monumental masons are involved in their creation, installation and repair. Cemeteries will always do routine maintenance of the stones to avoid any injuries and unexpected occurrences.
Some of the types of stones used to create headstones include:
These are mostly used in most cultures for the marking of graves where you find some with inscriptions and others not decorated. Typically, the carving included the age and name of deceased and a symbol.
This is a hard stone that needs skills for hand carving. It can be done by rotary bits controlled by computers or using rubber stencil to sandblast. The blaster does it by leaving emblems, numbers and letters visible on granite.
- Limestone and marble
Marble a form of limestone when recrystallized create nice carvings. However, the two dissolves in rainwater due to the mild acid and so make the engravings unreadable. This then requires use of Portland stone to repair the same hence making the two costly.
The easy to carve and very durable type of stone. There are some of the markers made with this stone which are still well preserved with every mark very discernible.
Slate has a very nice texture although it can easily get delaminated and its porous. The stone letters very well and its commonly highlighted using gilding or white paint.